Welcome to the official website of College of Health Sciences and Technology, Jahun

Community Health Department is the first and only department established at the inception of this institution precisely 1990. The department is operating under FULL accreditation status by Community Health Practitioners Registration Board of Nigeria (CHPRBN); to train Community Health Practitioners who will provides efficient, affordable and acceptable promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative health activities and services to the people where they live and work.

RESOURCES OF COMMUNITY HEALTH DEPARTMANT

  • Human resources
  • Classrooms
  • Clinical demonstration hall
  • School demonstration clinic
  • Staff offices
  • Crèche facility
  • Computer Laboratory/ICT
  • Solar powered classroom
  • Staff solar powered hotspot
  • Supervision vehicle
  • Sharing facilities include: Hostels, Laboratory, and e.t.c.

The programmes runs in Community Health Department include:

  1. DIPLOMA IN COMMUNITY HEALTH (FRESH AND RE-TRAINEES)
  • Job description: Community Health Extension Workers (CHEWs)

Entry Qualification

In addition to physical and mental fitness, willingness and commitment to work in rural communities, and a high sense of responsibility, accountability and dedication; participants in this programme are expected to be able to:

  • Guide, supervise, monitor and give good leadership to others.
  • Build a cohesive health team and sustain individual and team morale.
  • Work independently when necessary and make good judgement.
  • Interact with various Government agencies and the local communities.

Entry Qualification

  • Holders of WASCE, or NECO “O” Level with (5) credits at not more than two sittings, which MUST include; English Language, Mathematics, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics.
  • Junior Community Health Extension Worker (JCHEW) with 2 years’ post qualification experience in addition to the above requirement mentioned, and Applicant MUST be registered with the Community Health Practitioners Registration Board of Nigeria (CHPRBN), and possess a valid practice license.

Duration

Fresh programme: For effective implementation of the curriculum, the duration of this training three (3) calendar years (six semesters); While Re-trainee programme begins from level 200 i.e two (2) calendar years (four semesters) are recommended comprising:

  1. College/classroom theory: Two years
  2. Practical placement: 12 months
  3. System of practical placement based on the policy of the Community Health Practitioners Registration Board of Nigeria.

Furthermore, the programme shall consist of 15 contact weeks of teaching for each semester, which includes: Practical exercises, examinations, quizzes, tests, etc. The programme incorporates regimented periods of Supervised Clinical Experience (SCE) and Supervised Community Based Experience (SCBE), which shall last for a total period of 12 weeks in each academic year.

Certification

At the end of the programme, the certificate awarded is Diploma in Community Health

Condition for the award of certificate

The final Professional and Practice Licensing Examination shall be organized and conducted by Community Health Practitioners Registration Board of Nigeria (CHPRBN) based on their prescribed structure.

Research Project shall be supervised by the training institution and assessed by the Board. The training institutions offering the accredited programmes will issue academic transcripts and statements of results to deserving students who successfully pass the National Qualifying Examination of the Board. The Board will issue Certificate to only successful student.

Each course shall be assessed based on 30% continuous assessments (which include tests, quizzes, assignments, etc.) Semester examinations will make up the remaining 70%.

Grading of students has now been modified to make 50% the pass mark, by using four (4) points grading system Award of the Diploma in community health shall be classified as follows:

Distinction                -           CGPA of 3.50 – 4.00

Upper Credit            -           CGPA of 3.00 – 3.49

Lower Credit            -           CGPA of 2.50 – 2.99

Pass                          -           CGPA of 2.00 – 2.49

Fail                            -           CGPA of below 2.00

 

SCORE

LETTER GRADES

WEIGHTING POINTS

REMARK

70 – 100%

A

4.00

Excellent

65 – 69

B

3.50

V. Good

60 – 64

C

3.00

Good

55 – 59

D

2.50

Fair

50 -54

E

2.00

Pass

Below 50%

F

0.00

Failure

 

 

Overview of Curriculum contents

FIRST SEMESTER

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

DURATION

 

UNITS

 

GNS 101

Use of English

30hrs

2

CHE 211

Professional Ethics

15hrs

1

CHE212

Anatomy and Physiology I

45hrs

2

CHE 213

Behaviour Change Communications

45hrs

2

GNS 111

Citizenship Education

15hrs

1

CHE214

Human Nutrition

45hrs

2

CHE 215

Introduction to Primary Health Care

30hrs

2

GNS411

Introduction to Psychology

15hrs

1

EHT 111

Introduction to Environmental Health

30hrs

2

FOT 111

Geography

15hrs

1

COM 111

Introduction to Computer

45hrs

2

GNS 213

Introduction to Medical Sociology

30hrs

2

 

 TOTAL

360hrs

20

·         GNS    -           General Studies

·         ENT     -           Environmental Health Technology

·         FOT     -           Forestry Technology

 

SECOND SEMESTER

 

 

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

DURATION

UNITS

CHE 221

Symptomatology

30hrs

2

CHE 222

Population Dynamics & Family Planning

75hrs

3

CHE 223

Clinical Skills I

75hrs

3

STB 211

Science Laboratory Technology.

75hrs

3

CHE224

Immunity and Immunization

45hrs

2

CHE 225

Control of Communicable Diseases

30hrs

2

CHE 226

Accident and Emergency

45hrs

2

CHE 227

Supervised Clinical Experience I

90hrs

3

GNS 102

Communication in English

30hrs

2

 

TOTAL

495hrs

22

·         GNS    -           General Studies

·         STB      -           Science Laboratory Technology

 

 

 

THIRD SEMESTER

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

DURATION

UNITS

CHE 231

Anatomy and Physiology II

45hrs

2

CHE 232

Oral Health

30hrs

2

CHE 233

Community Mental Health

30hrs

2

CHE 234

Reproductive Health

45hrs

2

CHE 235

Child Health

75hrs

3

CHE 236

School Health Programme

30hrs

2

CHE 237

Control of Non-Communicable Diseases

30hrs

2

BCH 111

Introduction to Physical Chemistry

15hrs

1

CHE 238

Community linkages & Development

75hrs

3

CHE 239

Care and Management of HIV & AIDS

45hrs

2

CHE 240

Occupational Health and Safety

30hrs

2

 

TOTAL

495hrs

23

·         BCH   -          Basic Studies

 

 

THIRD SEMESTER

FOURTH SEMESTER

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

DURATION

UNITS

CHE 241

Clinical Skills II

90hrs

3

CHE 242

Maternal Health

105hrs

4

CHE 243

Modified Essential New born Care

75hrs

3

CHE 244

Community Ear, Nose and Throat Care (ENT)

45hrs

2

CHE 245

Community Eye Care

15hrs

1

CHE 246

Use of Standing Orders

75hrs

3

GNP123

Introduction to Pharmacology

30hrs

2

CHE 247

Nigerian Health System

30hrs

2

CHE248

Supervised Clinical Experience II

90hrs

4

 

TOTAL

555hrs

24

·         GNP   -           General Nursing

 

 

 

 

 

 

FIFTH SEMESTER

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

DURATION

UNITS

CHE 251

Care of the Older Persons

15hrs

1

CHE 252

Care of Persons with Special Needs

30hrs

2

CHE 253

Health Statistics

30hrs

2

CHE 254

Essential Medicines

30hrs

2

CHE 255

Human Resource for Health

15hrs

1

CHE 256

Research Methodology

30hrs

2

CHE 257

Community Based New born Care

60hrs

2

CHE 258

Supervised Community Based Experience (SCBE)

120hrs

4

 

TOTAL

330hrs

16

 

 

 

 

SIXTH SEMESTER

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

DURATION

UNITS

CHE 261

Primary Health Care Management

      30hrs

2

CHE 262

Referral System & Outreach services

30hrs

2

CHE 263

Accounting System in Primary Health Care

15hrs

1

CHE 264

Health Management Information System

30hrs

2

BUS 213

Entrepreneurship Education

30hrs

2

CHE 265

Research Project.

 

4

 

TOTAL

135hrs

13

·         BUS     -           Business Studies

Specific objectives of the programme

At the end of the training programme, the practitioner should be able to perform the following functions:

Community-based functions

  • Explain to the Community the Primary Health Care approach of the Nigerian Health System and his/her role as a member of the health team expected to link the community with the health care system.
  • Carry out community mobilization for health action.
  • Guide and support the Volunteer Village Health Workers (VVHWs)/Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) and Junior Community Health Extension Workers (JCHEWS) to initiate preliminary contact with the leaders.
  • Familiarize self with target population and health services within the community.
  • Follow-up and provide support for the initial contact made by the Volunteer Village Health Workers/Traditional Birth Attendants and Junior Community Health Extension Workers with the Community Leaders.
  • Initiate the formation (and facilitate the effective functioning) of the Health Development Committees.
  • Attend health facility and Community Development Committee’s meetings in rotation.
  • Participate in, and supervise Primary Health Care house numbering and placement of Home-Based Records.
  • Update house numbering and placement of Home-Based Records during home visits, and through reports and records from Junior Community Health Extension Workers and Volunteer Village Health Workers/Traditional Birth Attendants.
  • Initiate and work with the community and other health workers to carry out community diagnosis and continuous health needs assessments of the Community. (Health needs include areas related to provision of good roads, portable water supply, education, agriculture, nutritional problems, HIV and AIDS, poverty eradication, etc.)
  • Initiate and work with the community and other health workers to carry out general community surveys to establish, social and cultural characteristics of the community.
  • Work with other health workers and the community members to ensure the community participates in identifying major health problems of the community. These include HIV and AIDS, teenage pregnancies, problems of the elderly and juvenile delinquency. Other important issues include Family Planning, gender inequalities, child protection etc.
  • Teach the Volunteer Village Health Workers (VVHWs) / Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) and Junior Community Health Extension Workers simple methods of data collection and analysis.
  • Participate in the analyses of data collected for decision-making.
  • Initiate and/or work with his/her supervising officer and community members to:
    1. Prioritize health problems
    2. Plan solutions to identified health needs
    3. Identify available resources to solve the health problems
    4. Set coverage objectives (targets)
    5. Identify workable interventions.
  • Prepare and/or assist the supervising officers in preparing budgets for implementation of plans
  • Prepare a schedule of activities for the delivery of services to tackle the priority health problems.
  • Work with Supervising Officer, Junior Community Health Extension Workers, and Volunteer Village Health Workers/Traditional Birth Attendants and Community members to carry out plans.
  • Develop a monthly work plan with the approval of Supervising Officers.
  • Coordinate the work plan of the Junior Community Health Extension Workers and the Volunteer Village Health Workers/Traditional Birth Attendants.
  • Manage Junior Community Health Extension Workers and Volunteer Village Health Worker/Traditional Birth Attendants referrals and 'At-Risk' cases within the community using Standing Orders.
  • Support Junior Community Health Extension Workers and Volunteer Village Health Workers/Traditional Birth Attendants on health education efforts, and initiate periodic health education and health promotion campaigns within the community.
  • Supervise activities of Junior Community Health Extension Workers and Volunteer Village Health Workers/Traditional Birth Attendants and give feedback.
  • Assess the achievement of set targets (coverage objectives) by Junior Community Health Extension Workers and Volunteer Village Health Workers/Traditional Birth Attendants.
  • Collect and collate records collected by Junior Community Health Extension Workers and Volunteer Village Health Workers/Traditional Birth Attendants and forward these to the Supervising Officer.
  • Supervise the operation of the Essential Drug System and the Drug Revolving Fund
  • Keep accurate records of activities and health problems as required within the area of coverage
  • Analyse and summarize data collected and present in simple graphic form.
  • Compile monthly returns and reports, and send to the Supervising Officer and the Community Development Committee.
  • Update from Volunteer Village Health Workers/Traditional Birth Attendants records, information on births, deaths and new entrants into the community.
  • Decide, in consultation with Community Health Officer where available, when there is need for more Essential Medicines.
  • Maintain a roster for regular servicing of equipment, if Community Health Officer is not available.
  • Constantly monitor staff and vehicle movements, if Community Health Officer is not available.
  • Maintain a roster decided upon with Volunteer Village Health Workers (VVHWs)/Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) for meetings, and inform the community.
  • Carry out all other duties assigned to him by his Supervising Officer.

Clinic-based functions

Provide integrated Primary Health Care Services (PHC under one roof).

1)        Organize and run Integrated Primary Health Care Services (where Community Health Officer is not available) based on their skills and competence.  These services are listed in the Nigeria National Health Plan and include:

  1. Health Education covering prevention and control of prevailing health problems.
  2. Promotion of water supply and basic sanitation
  3. Maternal and Child Health, including reproductive health. For example, ensuring all pregnant women are identified and have access to focused antenatal care services (including delivery of normal pregnancies), postnatal care and other specified reproductive health services such as pre-conception care, HCT, Family Planning and contraception.
  4. Promote preventive Maternal and Child healthcare (screening for anaemia, pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, malaria; giving routine drugs and malaria prophylaxis, tetanus toxoid immunisation, growth monitoring etc.)
  5. Provide immunization services.
  6. Manage logistics and cold chain system.
  7. Carry out sterilization of equipment according to established protocol.
  8. Treat common conditions and injuries.
  9. Perform simple laboratory tests and examinations; for example, haemoglobin estimation, stool and urine testing, etc.,
  10. Rapid Diagnostic Kits test for Pregnancy, Malaria, HIV and Syphilis
  11. Keep and check that clinic equipment are safe and in good working order.
  12. Promote mental and dental health.
  13. Managing clients according to Standing Orders and maintaining high quality of care.
  14. Practice rational drug use.
  15. Collect and collate monitoring and evaluation data for the National Health Management Information System (NHMIS) from the community and health facility and forward to the Ward level.
  16. Carry out with Community Health Officer (where available) the day-to-day administration of health services in the target population.
  17. Collect and collate monitoring and evaluation data for the National Health Management Information System (NHMIS) from the community and health facility and forward to the Ward level.
  18. Carry out with Community Health Officer (where available) the day-to-day administration of health services in the target population.

Mode of delivery

The recommended delivery mode for teaching the curriculum is theory and practical, with a ratio of 40-60 respectively. The practical component should comprise classroom demonstrations, laboratory sections and fieldwork exposure.

Methods and techniques for the delivery of the curriculum

  • Lectures
  • Tutorials
  • Audio-visual
  • E-learning
  • Case scenarios
  • Role plays
  • Group and individual work
  • Demonstrations
  • Field trip (practical)
  • Case studies
  • Research Project

Resources for curriculum implementation

  • Books
  • Manuals
  • Hand-outs
  • Online materials
  • Audio-visual materials such as tapes,, compact discs and video tapes

Evaluation instruments

  • Attendance
  • Continuous assessments
  • Tests (oral or written tests)
  • Assignments
  • Examinations
  • Observation schedules
  • Reports
  • Logboo

 

CERTIFICATE IN COMMUNITY HEALTH

  • Job description: Junior Community Health Extension Workers (JCHEWs)

Entry Qualification

A prospective applicant MUST possessed three (3) “O” Level credits in English Language, Mathematics, Biology, and passes in Chemistry, and Physics; in WASCE, SSCE, or NECO at not more than too sittings.

Duration

For effective implementation of the curriculum, the duration of this training two (2) calendar years (four semesters) is recommended comprising:

Each Semester shall consist of fifteen contact weeks of teaching, which includes: Practical exercises, examinations, quizzes, tests etc. The programme incorporates a regimented period of Supervised Clinical Experience (SCE) and Supervised Community Based Experience (SCBE), which shall last for a total period of twelve weeks in each academic year.

Personal qualifications

  1. Must be willing and committed to residing and working in rural communities.
  2. Must be physically and mentally fit.
  3. Must be knowledgeable and skillful.
  4. Hardworking and dedicated to carrying out duties.
  5. Have good interpersonal skills.
  6. Honest, approachable and reliable.
  7. Able to take initiative and be tolerant.
  8. Punctual to duty.
  9. Fluent in the local language.
  10. Responsible and mature.
  11. Portray the ethics and etiquette of Community Health Practice.

Overview of Curriculum contents

FIRST SEMESTER

 

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

DURATION

UNITS

 

GNS 101

Use of English Language

30hrs

2

JCH 111

Introduction to Primary Health care

30hrs

2

JCH 112

Professional Ethics

15hrs

1

JCH 113

Introduction to behavioural Sciences

15hrs

1

JCH 114

Behaviour Change Communication

60hrs

3

JCH 115

Anatomy and Physiology

60hrs

3

JCH 116

Human Nutrition

30hrs

2

JCH 117

Accidents and Emergency conditions

45hrs

2

JCH 118

Health Statistics

15hrs

1

COM 111

Introduction to Computer

45hrs

2

BUS 213

Entrepreneurship Education

15hrs

1

GNS 411

Introduction to Psychology

30hrs

2

GNS 111

Citizenship Education

15hrs

1

 

TOTAL

405hrs

23

  • BUS    -   Business Studies
  • GNS   -   General Studies
  • COM   -  Computer Studies

 

 

SECOND SEMESTER

 

 

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

DURATION

UNITS

JCH 121

Clinical Skills

105hrs

4

JCH 122

Symptomatology

30hrs

2

JCH 123

Reproductive Health

30hrs

2

JCH 124

Maternal Health

75hrs

2

JCH 125

Modified Essential Care of the Newborn

75hrs

3

JCH 126

Control of Communicable Diseases

30hrs

2

JCH 127

Laboratory Services

45hrs

2

JCH 128

Community-Based Health Care

60hrs

3

JCH 129

Supervised Clinical Experience

60hrs

3

JCH 130

Immunity and Immunisation

75hrs

 

 

TOTAL

615hrs

27

 

THIRD SEMESTER

 

 

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

DURATION

UNITS

JCH 131

Primary Eye Care

15hrs

1

JCH 132

Primary Ear, Nose And Throat Care (ENT)

30hrs

2

JCH 133

Oral Health Care

30hrs

2

JCH 134

Child Health

75hrs

3

JCH 135

Family Planning

45hrs

2

JCH 136

Community Mental Health

30hrs

2

JCH 137

Non-Communicable Diseases

30hrs

2

JCH 138

Principles of Primary Health Care

30hrs

2

JCH 139

Community Based Newborn Care

60hrs

2

JCH 140

Supervised Community-Based Experience

90hrs

3

JCH 141

Use of Standing Orders

73hrs

3

EHT 111

Introduction to Environmental Health

15hrs

1

 

TOTAL

525hrs

25

 

FOURTH SEMESTER

 

 

COURSE CODE

COURSE TITLE

DURATION

UNITS

JCH 142

School Health Programme

30hrs

2

JCH 143

Adolescent Health

15hrs

1

JCH 144

Adult Health

30hrs

2

JCH 145

Care of Persons With Special Needs

30hrs

2

JCH 146

Care of The Older Persons

15hrs

1

JCH 147

Essential Medicines

30hrs

2

JCH 148

Health Management Information System

15hrs

1

JCH 149

Occupational Health & Safety Education

15hrs

1

JCH 150

Care & Management of  HIV & AIDS

30hrs

2

JCH 151

Human Resource For Health

15hrs

1

JCH 152

Referrals and Outreach Services

30hrs

2

JCH 153

Family Case Study

-

4

 

TOTAL

225hrs

21

 

Specific objectives of the programme

At the end of the training programme, the student should be able to perform the following functions:

  1. Community-based functions
  2. Explain to the community, the Primary Health Care approach of the Nigerian Health System and his/ her role as a member of the health team expected to link the community with the health facility.
  3. Carry out community mobilization for health action.
  4. Work with other health workers and the community to carryout community diagnosis and continuous health needs assessment of the community.
  5. Work with the supervisory officer and community members to seek solutions to identified health needs.
  6. Work with other members of the health team and community members to implement the plan.
  7. Develop a monthly plan with the approval of the supervising officer.
  8. Supervise Volunteer Village Health Workers (VVHWs,)/Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) and together visit prenatal and postnatal mothers to initiate and continue care according to Standing Order.
  9. Visit homes to monitor pregnant women and children.
  10. Visit homes to identify "at risk" members of the community, treat or refer according to Standing Order.
  11. Together with VVHWs/TBAs, identify clinic defaulters in the community, and manage according to Standing Order.
  12. Carry out Health Education on prevalent health problems such as malnutrition, diarrhoea, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STls) in the community on environmental sanitation days.
  13. Screen for health problems in the community and take appropriate actions according to Standing Order.
  14. Treat specific conditions in the homes according to Standing Order.
  15. Supervise Volunteer Village Health Workers/Tradition Birth Attendants.
  16. Identify learning needs of VVHWs/TBAs.
  17. Participate in the training of VVHWs/TBAs in the community.
  18. Collect and collate health data for monitoring and evaluation of PHC activities in the community.
  19. Generate simple, clear and precise information from community-based data to serve as evidence for interventions.

Clinic-based functions

  1. Register new clients.
  2. Weigh clients and record weights accurately.
  3. Carry out health talks on different health-related topics as scheduled.
  4. Estimate haemoglobin according to established procedure.
  5. Measure blood pressure according to established procedure.
  6. Test urine for sugar and albumen.
  7. Prepare and administer immunisation and Mantoux test according to standard schedule and prescription on clients’ cards.
  8. Dress uncomplicated wounds according to prescription on clients’ cards.
  9. Pack and dispense drugs according to established procedure.
  10. Provide Family Planning counselling and services according to Standing Orders.
  11. Sterilize equipment according to established procedures.
  12. Collect and label laboratory specimens.
  13. Carry out clinical procedures (e.g.) taking temperature, pulse, respiratory rate, bed making, oral toileting, food demonstration, etc.
  14. Participate in collating data for monitoring and evaluation of PHC activities in the clinic.
  15. Participate in the training of other health workers in the clinic.
  16. Update the clinic master card after community-based functions.
  17. Perform any other duties assigned to by the supervising officer.

Chain of Command

 The Junior Community Health Extension Worker is responsible to the Development Committee that presides over Community Health Extension Workers.

Summary of functions

Carry out 80% of his/her Primary Health Care functions in the community and 20% at the clinic. Position serves as a link between the community and the health facility to assure continuum of care.